All You Need To Know About Hepatitis B: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments And Home Remedies

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Hepatitis B
Oncology

Hepatitis B is a viral liver infection which was first introduced by Dr. Baruch Blumberg.

PHowever, the gravity of this disease varies from person to person that depends on the type of stage- acute and chronic.

At acute stage, a person takes 6 months maximum to recover. Whereas ,at chronic stage, it takes more than 6 months and can even suffer from cirrhosis, cancer or liver failure.Here’s an in-depth guide to everything you need to know about Hepatitis B.


Symptoms of hepatitis B

The first step is to check for the symptoms that may appear during the post-infection period.Here are the following signs of Hepatitis B that you must know-

  • Yellow Colouration: Skin, eyes.
  • Pain: Abdomen, Joint.
  • Stomach : Nausea, Appetite loss.
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Fever

Causes of hepatitis B

HBV infection have the following causes as given below:

Sexual Contact

A common way through which HBV disease can spread through blood, semen, or saliva.

Sharing Needles/Day to day Items

Another major cause for Hepatitis B is sharing essentials of the person with HBV like towels, razors, toothbrush etc. with an uninfected. The probability of spreading Hepatitis B is high in case of sharing the used needles or injections with other unaffected patients.

Mother to Child during pregnancy

It can pass from a mother with HBV to the new born baby by direct means.

Diagnosis of hepatitis B

A must-to-do step to make confirmations about the presence of Hepatitis B after checking through the signs and symptoms.

Take a closer look at the possible tests that doctor refers while screening a person for hepatitis b-

Blood Tests

One of the common ways to detect Hepatitis B is to go for blood tests. It is of three different categories that are as follows-

  • Surface Antigen

This test determines whether the person is infectious or not. A positive test result indicates that the person is infected with Hepatitis B. Whereas, the negative test result indicates the opposite.

  • Surface Antibody

This test is done after vaccination or recovering from HBV infection. It aims to check whether the person immune to hepatitis B or not.

  • Core Antigen Test

It focuses on the current status of a person whether he/she is infected with HBV. Moreover,  the positive result also indicates if the person is having acute or chronic hepatitis B.

•Liver Tests

As we know, liver is one among vital organs that is present in our body stores vitamins and minerals and other essential chemicals.

Thus, getting tests done as soon as possible is our responsibility.

Other important tests to diagnose Hepatitis B are liver tests because of its major association with liver. Here are the tests that are as follows-

a.Liver function tests

This test measures the amount of enzyme level present in the liver to know in which state it is in right now. Just remember, higher the levels of enzymes, greater is the risk!

b.Liver biopsy

Here, the doctor takes a small sample of the liver portion for the analysis of infection or damage in the liver.

Treatments for hepatitis B

The treatment starts where the test procedures end.

After checking the factors that help to identify the HBV, the doctor then proceed with the following treatments or medications-

•Immune Globulin

A vaccine shot after Hepatitis B diagnosis will boost immunity to get rid of the infection from the body.

•Antiviral medications

At the chronic state, the doctor prescribes certain antiviral medicines to fight HBV namely:

a.Entecavir

It blocks the HBV for its further growth in the body. Taking this medicine once a day is enough for adults and children of 2 years age. Side effects such as fatigue, headache are common in this medication.

b.Adefovir

Another drug used for treating HBV infections is Adefovir. It comes up with side effects  like headache, stomach pain.

c.Tenofovir disoproxil fumaratek

When it comes to chronic HBV , this medicine plays its part for treating the patients.

d.Other medicines

Medicines namely Lamivudine, Telbivudine , also works on reducing the effect of virus in the body.

•Peginterferon alfa-2a

These injections are for those who are suffering from chronic hepatitis B. As a result, more cells are build for better functioning of the body.

•Liver transplant

Liver transplantation is the ultimate treatment option to go for that depends on the state of liver health.

•Alternative medicines(if any)

Here are some alternative medicines that you can try keeping in mind that this isn’t proven much effective for HBV:

a.Medicinal Plants

Due to its lower side effects, one can prefer medicinal plants as an alternative treatment for Hepatitis B.

Some key examples of medicinal plants are

I.Ganoderma Lucidum

Ganoderic acid, an extract from Ganoderma Lucidum, aids in the HBV reduction.

II.Oenanthe Javanica

It is a Chinese herb known for its anti-viral properties that enhance the body functionality.

III.Milk Thistle

According to some sources, it may help to promote liver health.

b.Supplements

Taking health supplements such as vitamin D and zinc can also reduce the risk of fatty liver disease. In addition to this, a research based study found that taking vitamin D can also reduce the anxiety or stress level.

Also Read Sunshine Sunshine Sunshine- The Source Of Vitamin D You Should Not Miss

Home Remedies

•No other remedies can work best than a proper diet. Thus, it’s necessary to include whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean protein such as egg, fish and chicken and nuts.

•Chewing one garlic clove daily helps to remove the toxins out from the body.

•Mix one teaspoon of roasted carom seed powder, cumin seed powder with a pinch of rock salt .Have it twice a day to notice some changes.

Honey is an anti-inflammatory agent that one can consume everyday along with adding one tablespoon of liquorice powder.

What to avoid?

•Alcohol

Alcohol consumption can lead to serious life-threatening condition.

•Unprotected Sex

The infection can spread through any means of sexual contact .Thus it’s recommended to have sex under protection to avoid transmission as much as possible.

Conclusion

Before heading to FAQs, I would like to throw limelight on importance of self-care is the best care that ever you need.

At the end, all you need to do is to take care of your body and to maintain a good hygiene. Other than that, there’s nothing to worry about this disease anymore nowadays!

FAQs

Is there any cure for Hepatitis B at the chronic stage?

: No, but it’s treatable through medications, vaccination and a proper diet.

Can one get infected again with HBV after vaccination too?

: No

Is there any treatment for HBV infected newly born babies?

: Yes, ensuring that the baby gets the earliest dose of vaccine.

How to clean blood spills/saliva on the surface of an infected person?

: By using household bleaching powder or disinfectant on the surfaces to kill viruses.

Who should get vaccinated?

: All infants, 18+ young adults and concerned people who got in touch with the infected person should get vaccinated.

Can hepatitis B spread through coughing, food or water?

: No, it’s completely safe.

Can an infected person donate his blood?

: Generally doesn’t accept blood donations from an infected person.

Chief Kane
Loves to write about health subjects and currently taking care of health niche as a moderator. If you have any topic in mind, share it in comments and we will make sure it is published soon after a review.

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